PCOS: MAJOR ISSUE FACED BY WOMEN
The medical term PCOS is now the most searched upon medical issues among women these days. Near about 1 million cases do happen in India.People do have little information regarding this ailment. often people treat this medical ailment as a minor issue and do not heed attention towards it.
What is PCOS?
The full form is “Polycystic Ovary Syndrome” and it is a hormonal disorder that leads to enlarged ovaries with small cysts surrounding the outer edges. The word “polycystic” means “many cysts”.
PCOS is of four types: –
This medical issue does affect the hormonal balance of women (ages 15 to 44) which means in such condition they tend to produce higher than normal amounts of male hormones.
This ultimately leads to irregular menstrual cycle eventually making the chances of getting pregnant at a much lower rate. The increased secretion of male hormones leads to increased hair growth on the face and body.
WHAT ARE THE POSSIBLE CAUSES OF PCOS?
The exact reason of PCOS is still unknown but proffesionals says that main cause can be secreation of excess of male hormones in women. Below are the main causes of developing PCOS: –
one main reason can be genetic. It can pass on to women through their family’s genes. Several studies show that PCOS does run in families. Possibly not one but many genes do contribute to this medical condition.
• INSULIN RESISTANCE
This means that cells of women can’t use insulin properly hence develop insulin resistance. In such a case body’s demand for insulin increases which contemplates pancreases to secrete more insulin. Extra insulin hence triggers ovaries to produce more male hormones.
Women suffering from PCOS often suffer from increased inflammation levels in their bodies. Several studies show that the increased rate of inflammation in the body leads to higher androgen levels in the body.
KNOW ABOUT THE SYMPTOMS OF PCOS
symptoms of pcos are easily reconginasble with starting of periods during teenage. Below is the list of most common symptoms of PCOS which should never be ignored upon: –
• IRREGULAR PERIODS
Lack of ovulation does prevent the uterine lining from shedding every month. this ultimately leads to irregular periods. This eventually leads to fewer chances of getting pregnant.
• HAIR GROWTH
The common symptom is excess hair growth in females. this condition is known as hirsutism. Women tends to have increased hair growth on back, belly, and chest. Excess hair growth is being termed as a clear indication of the case of PCOS.
• DARKENING OF SKIN
Most women start to develop dark patches on the skin. Areas like on the neck, in the groin and under the breasts do develop such dark patches which can be sighted as the clear sign of PCOS.
WHAT ARE EFFECTIVE REMEDIES TO TREAT PCOS?
One of the main causes of PCOS is the excessive weight gain of the woman. The most primary step to effectively treat this medical issue to bring changes in a sedentary lifestyle like more involvement in physical activities, adopting a healthy diet and lifestyle.
Doctors advise their patients to adopt a low glycaemic index diet that does involve most carbohydrates from fruits and vegetables and whole grains which aims and does help in regulating the menstrual cycle of a woman.
Another way to treat this medical issue is to take estrogen and progestin daily which helps in restoring the normal hormonal balance and properly regulate the ovulation. Women also have the option of having surgery to improve the fertility rate if other treatments do fall apart.
Doctors do perform ovarian drilling in which they make tiny holes in the ovary with a laser or thin heated needle is inserted upon to restore normal ovulation.